U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 6 February 1997a. The budget proposed by the administration would increase the resources allocated to a wide range of nature protection plans. Press release. Many have drawn attention to HCP as a promising instrument to address these concerns (see, for example. B Thornton, 1991). For example, because HFCs can be conceived as collaborative processes with multiple parties that can encompass both public and private lands and species other than those listed in esa, they can provide opportunities to protect species from extinction and implement ecosystem-based management (FWS and NMFS 1996). HFPs can also replace community open space planning, which can involve people who otherwise don`t worry about endangered species to protect their habitats.